Friday, April 1, 2011
Census 2011: Kerala continues to top literacy chart
Highlights of the 2011 Indian Census
The provisional figures of Census 2011 were released in New Delhi on March 31, 2011 by Union Home Secretary Shri G.K.Pillai and RGI Shri C. Chandramouli. Rising numbers in the literacy rate among the general population were just one encouraging results of India’s latest census reports.
Major Highlights of the Census 2011 (Provisional figures)
■The population of the country as per the provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1210.19 million of which 623.72 million (51.54%) are males and 586.46 million (48.46%) are females.
■The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011
■Percentage growth in 2001-2011 is 17.64; males 17.19 and females 18.12.
■2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-1921) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade.
■Uttar Pradesh (Home to popular tourist spots such as Agra, Lucknow and Varanasi) is the most populous State (199.5 million) in the country followed by Maharashtra (Home to Mumbai and Pune) with 112 million.
■The percentage decadal growth rates of the six most populous States have declined during 2001-2011 compared to 1991-2001:
Uttar Pradesh (25.85% to 20.09%)
Maharashtra (22.73% to 15.99%)
Bihar (28.62% to 25.07%)
West Bengal (17.77 % to 13.93%)
Andhra Pradesh (14.59% to 11.10%)
Madhya Pradesh (24.26% to 20.30%)
■During 2001-2011, as many as 25 States/Union Territories with a share of about 85% of the country’s population registered an annual growth rate of less than 2% as compared to, 15 States/Union Territories with a share of about 42% during the period 1991-2001.
■15 States/Union Territories have grown by less than 1.5 per cent per annum during 2001-2011, while the number of such States/Union Territories was only 4 during the previous decade.
■The total number of children in the age-group 0-6 is 158.8 million (-5 million since 2001)
■Twenty States and Union Territories now have over one million children in the age group 0-6 years. On the other extreme, there are five States and Union Territories in the country that are yet to reach the one hundred thousand mark.
■Uttar Pradesh (29.7 million), Bihar (18.6 million), Maharashtra (12.8 million), Madhya Pradesh (10.5 million) and Rajasthan (10.5 million) constitute 52% children in the age group of 0-6 years.
■Population (0-6 years) 2001-2011 registered minus (-)3.08 percent growth with minus (-)2.42 for males and –3.80 for females.
■The proportion of Child Population in the age group of 0-6 years to total population is 13.1 percent while the corresponding figure in 2001 was 15.9 percent. The decline has been to the extent of 2.8 points.
■Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs.
■Three major States (Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar & Gujarat) have shown decline in sex ratio as compared to Census 2001.
■Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038, Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
■Child sex ratio (0-6 years) is 914. Increasing trend in the child sex ratio (0-6) seen in Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and A&N Islands. In all remaining 27 States/UTs, the child sex ratio show decline over Census 2001.
■Mizoram has the highest child sex ratio (0-6 years) of 971 followed by Meghalaya with 970. Haryana is at the bottom with ratio of 830 followed by Punjab with 846.
■Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83 per cent in 2001 to 74.04 per cent in 2011 showing an increase of 9.21 percentage points.
■Percentage growth in literacy during 2001-2011 is 38.82; males : 31.98% & females : 49.10%.
■Literates constitute 74 per cent of the total population aged seven and above and illiterates form 26 per cent.